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A Minute Without Air: Effects and Defects of Perinatal Asphyxia

Child Delivery

Child DeliveryA lot of things can go wrong during child delivery. In fact, the probability of encountering complications during delivery is higher than the likelihood of problems over the course of the entire pregnancy.

The Birth Injury Guide says that out of a thousand babies born in the US, six or eight will have a birth injury. That is approximately one out of 9,714 people. One of the common injuries during delivery (perinatal) is asphyxia or oxygen deprivation that can have serious, lifelong effects. It is so common that for every 1,000 births, perinatal asphyxia occurs 3-9 times.

The Need to Breathe

A newborn needs oxygen immediately, thus, the need for them to cry 30 to 60 seconds after the delivery. Failure to breathe leads to defects in two stages, according to Seattle Children’s Hospital. The first stage occurs when the infant does not receive oxygen within minutes and this results in cell damage.

The second stage called reperfusion injury may last for days and weeks. Although the blood and oxygen may start flowing to the brain, the damaged cells may release toxins and affect the other organs. Perinatal asphyxia is associated to organ system dysfunction that from lack of oxygen in the blood or hypoxia. Severe hypoxia affects the heart, brain and muscles that all uses oxygen to function.

The Repercussions of Oxygen Deprivation

The repercussions of birth asphyxia are serious and fatal. While there are many aspects to factor in, there may be a chance that it is a result of negligence in the part of the attending physician. In the case of birth injury, Tyrone Law Firm can help find legal solutions.

Attentiveness and immediate assistance are crucial every step of the way. Infants who suffer mild to moderate oxygen deprivation may survive and fully recover, but deprivation that lasts any longer may lead to permanent organ injuries.

The other aftermaths of severe asphyxia are cerebral palsy, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, developmental disabilities, impaired sight and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which are incurable as of the moment. Prolonged lack of oxygen leads to death.

Every second is important during childbirth. Every second that a newborn does not breathe affects his body, his future and his life.